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Depression Among Women

Depression and postpartum depression are very common problems and is treatable. If you think you have depression or postpartum depression, seek treatment from your health care provider as soon as possible.


Depression

Sometimes everyone becomes sad in their life, but these feelings usually go away within a few days. Depression interferes with daily life and can last for weeks or months at a time if it is treated on time. Most of the people, even those who suffer from the most severe types of depression, can recover with the treatment.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a depression that occurs after delivering a baby. Feelings of postpartum depression are more intense and it last longer than the "baby blues," a term used to describe the anxiety, sadness, and fatigue that many women experience after having a baby. Symptoms of the "baby blues" usually go away on their own in a few days.


How Many Women Experience Depression and Postpartum Depression?

Depression is a common and serious illness. A CDC study shows that nearly about 1 in every 10 women in the United States reported symptoms that suggest they experienced an episode of major depression in the past year. Using the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 1 in 8 women who have had a recent child birth experience symptoms of postpartum depression. Estimates of the number of women affected by postpartum depression vary by age, race/ethnicity and state. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected mental health of every person during that period. Many people are experiencing grief and facing challenges that can be very stressful and overwhelming. 


Symptoms of Depression

Depression doesn't feels the same to everyone it may vary from person to person. How often symptoms occur, how long they last, and how intense they can feel.

  • Symptoms of depression can include:
  • Lasting Sad, Anxious, Or “empty” Mood.
  • Feelings Of Hopelessness Or Pessimism.
  • Feelings Of Guilt, Worthlessness, Or Helplessness.
  • Feelings Of Irritability Or Restlessness.
  • Loss Of Interest In Hobbies And Activities.
  • Loss Of Energy.
  • Problems Concentrating, Recalling Details, And Making Decisions.
  • Difficulty Falling Asleep Or Sleeping Too Much.
  • Overeating Or Loss Of Appetite.
  • Thoughts Of Suicide Or Suicide Attempts.
  • Aches Or Pains That Do Not Get Better With Treatment.


Symptoms Of Postpartum Depression

How often the symptoms of postpartum depression occurs, how long they last, and how intense they feel can vary from person to person. Symptoms of postpartum depression are similar to symptoms of depression, but may also include:

  • Crying More Often Than Usual.
  • Feelings Of Anger.
  • Withdrawing From Loved Ones.
  • Feeling Numb Or Disconnected From Your Baby.
  • Worrying That You Will Hurt The Baby.
  • Feeling Guilty About Not Being A Good Mom Or Doubting Your Ability To Care For The Baby.




Risk Factors for Depression Or Postpartum Depression

Experiences that may put some womens at a higher risk for depression may include

  • Stressful Live Events.
  • Low Social Support.
  • Previous History Of Depression.
  • Family History Of Depression.
  • Difficulty Getting Pregnant.
  • Being A Mom To Multiples, Like Twins Or Triplets.
  • Being A Teen Mom.
  • Preterm (before 37 Weeks) Labor And Delivery.
  • Pregnancy And Birth Complications.

Postpartum depression can also occurs among womens with a healthy pregnancy and child birth.


How Depression Affects Fathers?

Some fathers also report symptoms of depression. To better understand fathers' experiences, PRAMS implemented the PRAMS for Dads pilot project. 1 in 10 fathers reported depressive symptoms since the birth of their new baby. Studies like PRAMS for Dads can help measure men's health behaviors and service needs.



Treatment

Depression is easily treatable and most peoples are recovered with the treatment. If you think you may be depressed, the first step in seeking treatment is to talk to your health care provider. You can ask them to refer to a mental health professional so that you can easily and fastly came out from the depression.

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