Interstitial Cystitis Symptoms And Causes

Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition that causes bladder pressure, bladder pain, and sometimes pelvic pain. The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain alsio. This condition is a part of a spectrum of diseases known as painful bladder syndrome.

Your bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine. The bladder expands until it is full and then communicates through the pelvic veins to signal your brain that it is time to urinate. This creates the urge to urinate for most people.

With interstitial cystitis, these signs get mixed up – you feel the need to urinate more often and urinate less frequently than most people.

Interstitial cystitis most often affects womens and can have a long-lasting impact on quality of life. Although there is no cure, medications and other treatments can provide relief.


The signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary from person to person. If you have interstitial cystitis, your symptoms may also vary over time, periodically flaring in response to common triggers, such as menstruation, sitting for a long time, stress, exercise and sexual activity.

Signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary from person to person. If you have interstitial cystitis, your symptoms may vary over time, flaring up periodically in response to common triggers such as menstruation, prolonged sitting, stress, exercise, and sexual activity.

  • Interstitial Cystitis Signs And Symptoms Include:
  • Pain in your pelvis or between the vagina and anus in women
  • Pain between the scrotum and anus (perineum) in men
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • A persistent, urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination, often of small amounts, throughout the day and night (up to 60 times a day)
  • Pain or discomfort while the bladder fills and relief after urinating
  • Pain during sex

Symptoms severity is different for everyone, and some people may experience symptom-free periods.

Although signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis may resemble those of a chronic urinary tract infection, there's usually no infection. However, symptoms may worsen if a person with interstitial cystitis gets a urinary tract infection.

When To See A Doctor?

If you're experiencing chronic bladder pain or urinary urgency and frequency, immediately contact your health care provider.


The exact causes of interstitial cystitis is not known, but it is likely that several factors contribute. For example, people with interstitial cystitis may also have a defect in the protective lining such as epithelium of the bladder. A leak in the epithelium can allow toxins in the urine to irritate the wall of your bladder.

Other possible but unproven contributing factors include an autoimmune reaction, heredity, infection or allergies.

Risk Factors

These factors are associated with a higher risk of interstitial cystitis:

Your Sex- Women are diagnosed with interstitial cystitis more often than men. Symptoms in men can mimic those of interstitial cystitis, but they are more often associated with inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis).

Your Age- Most people with interstitial cystitis are diagnosed during their 30's or older than 30's. Having a chronic pain disorder. Interstitial cystitis may be associated with other chronic pain disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome or fibromyalgia.


Interstitial cystitis can result in a number of complications such as:

Reduced Bladder Capacity- Interstitial cystitis can cause hardening of the bladder wall, which can cause your bladder to hold less urine.

Lower Quality Of Life- Frequent urination and pain can interfere with social activities, work, and other activities of daily living.

Sexual Intimacy Problems- Frequent urination and pain can affect your personal relationships, and sexual intimacy can suffer.

Emotional Troubles- The chronic pain and disrupted sleep associated with interstitial cystitis can lead to emotional stress and lead to depression.

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