Kidney Stones Causes And Symptoms

Kidney stones are crystals that form in your kidneys when you have too much waste in your blood, and your body is not producing enough urine.

What Are Kidney Stones?

Usually, kidneys remove waste from blood to make urine (urine). When you have too much waste in your blood and your body is not producing enough urine, crystals begin to form in your kidneys. These crystals attract other wastes and chemicals to form a solid object (kidney stone) that enlarges until it passes out of your body in your urine. Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.

What Causes Of Kidney Stones?

Anyone can suffer from kidney stones, but some people are more likely to get it than others. Mens suffer from kidney stones more often than women. Kidney stones are also more common in non-Hispanic white people than people of other races. You may be more likely to get kidney stones if you:

  • Have had kidney stones before 
  • Have someone in your family with kidney stones
  • If you do not drink enough water 
  • Eat a lot of protein, sodium (salt), or sugar
  • Are overweight
  • Have had a surgery on your intestines
  • Have polycystic kidney disease
  • Have a health problem that causes your urine (pee) to contain high levels of cystine, oxalate, uric acid or calcium
  • Have a health problem that causes swelling or damage in your digestive system or your joints 
  • Take certain medicines, such as diuretics (water pills) or calcium-based antacids

What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Stones?

If you have a small kidney stone, it can pass out of your body through your urine (called passing a kidney stone). You may have no symptoms and never know you have kidney stones.

If you have a large kidney stone, it can get stuck in your urinary tract and block urine from passing out. You may notice symptoms, including:

  • Pain while urinating (peeing)
  • Blood in your urine (pee)
  • Sharp pain in your back or lower belly area 
  • Stomachache that does not go away
  • Feeling sick to your stomach or throwing up
  • A fever and chills
  • Urine (pee) that smells bad or looks cloudy

You may feel a lot of pain when you pass a kidney stone or a large kidney stone blocks the flow of your urine. If you have any of these symptoms, contact to your doctor.

How Can I Prevent Kidney Stones?

Here are some few steps which can prevent kidney stones: 

  • Drink enough fluids every day. Eight to twelve cups of fluid per day is enough for most people. If you have kidney disease and need to limit fluids, ask your doctor how much fluid you should have each day. 
  • Limit your sodium (salt) and animal protein such as meat and eggs. If your doctor can find out what your kidney stone is made of, they may give you a specific eating plan to help prevent future kidney stones.
  • Take all of your prescription medicines as your doctor tells you to treat health problems that may make kidney stones more likely for you. 
  • Never start or stop any new medicines or an eating plan without talking to your doctor.

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