Pregnancy Complications

Pregnancy complications are health problems that occur during the pregnancy. They can include the health of the mother, the health of the child, or both. Some women have health issues that arise during the pregnancy, and some of the womens suffer  health problems before becoming pregnant that can lead to complications. It is very important for women to receive health care before and during the pregnancy to reduce the risk of pregnancy complications.

Before Pregnancy

Be sure to talk to your doctor about any health problems you now have or have had before. If you are receiving treatment for a health problem, your health care provider may want to change the way you manage your health problem. For example, some medicines used to treat health problems during pregnancy can be harmful. Also, stopping the medicines you need, may be more harmful than the risks you face while you are pregnant. Also, be sure to discuss any problems you have had in any previous pregnancies if had before. If health problems are under control and you receive good prenatal care, you are likely to have a normal, healthy baby.

During Pregnancy

Symptoms and complications of pregnancy can range from mild and annoying discomforts to severe, sometimes life-threatening conditions. Sometimes it can be difficult for a woman to determine which symptoms are normal and which are not. Problems that occur during pregnancy can include physical and mental conditions that affect the health of the mother or baby. These problems can be caused by being pregnant or can be made worse. Many problems are mild and do not progress; However, when they do, they can harm the mother or her baby. Keep in mind that there are ways to manage problems that arise during pregnancy. Always check with your prenatal care provider if you have any concerns during pregnancy.

Some of the common maternal health conditions or problems a woman may experience during pregnancy are-

Anemiaexternal Icon

Anemia is a lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells. Treating the root cause of the anemia will help to restore healthy red blood cell counts. Women suffering from pregnancy-related anemia may feel tired and weak. Taking iron and folic acid supplements can help with this. Your health care provider will check your iron levels during pregnancy.

Urinary Tract Infectionsexternal Icon (UTI)

A UTI is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract. You may have a UTI if you have—

  • Pain or burning when you use the bathroom.
  • Fever, tiredness, or shakiness.
  • An urge to use the bathroom often.
  • Pressure in your lower belly.
  • Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy or reddish.
  • Nausea or back pain.

If you think you have a UTI problem, it is very important to go to a doctor and get the proper treatment. Doctor can tell if you have a UTI or not by testing a sample of your urine. Treatment with antibiotics to kill the infection will make it better if you are suffering from UTI Prolem, often in one or two days. Some women carry bacteria in their bladder without having symptoms. Your doctor will likely test your urine in early  pregnancy to see if this is the case and treat you with antibiotics if necessary.

Mental Health Conditions

Some womens experience depression during or after the pregnancy. Symptoms of depression are:

  • A low or sad mood.
  • Loss of interest in fun activities.
  • Changes in appetite, sleep, and energy.
  • Problems thinking, concentrating, and making decisions.
  • Feelings of worthlessness, shame, or guilt.
  • Thoughts that life is not worth living.

When many of these symptoms occur together and last for more than a week or two at a time, it is probably depression. Depression that persists during pregnancy can make it difficult for a woman to care for herself and her baby. Having depression before pregnancy is also a risk factor for postpartum depression. Treatment is essential for both mother and child. If you have a history of depression, it is important to discuss this with your doctor in early pregnancy so that depression does not prevail.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Poorly controlled high blood pressure before and during pregnancy puts the pregnant woman and her baby at risk of problems. This preeclampsia is associated with an increased risk of maternal complications such as external icon, placental abruption (when the placenta separates from the uterine wall), and gestational diabetes. These women face a higher risk for poor birth outcomes such as premature delivery, an infant too small for gestational age, and infant death. The most important thing is to discuss blood pressure problems with your doctor before you become pregnant so that your blood pressure can be properly treated and controlled before pregnancy. It is important to get high blood pressure treated before, during and after pregnancy.

Diabetes During Pregnancy

Lets Know about the types of diabetes during pregnancy, the percentage of women affected, Managing diabetes can help women have healthy pregnancies and have healthy babies.

Obesity And Weight Gain

In recent studies suggest that the heavier a woman is before she becomes pregnant, the greater her risk of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, GDM, stillbirth and cesarean delivery. Also, The obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased use of health care and physician services, and longer hospital stays for delivery. Overweight and obese women who lose weight before pregnancy are likely to have healthier pregnancies. Learn more about ways to reach and maintain a healthy weight before you get pregnant.

Infectionsexternal icon

During pregnancy, your baby is protected from many diseases, such as the common cold or colic. But some infections can be harmful to you, your baby, or both. Simple steps like washing your hands and avoiding certain foods can help protect you from certain infections. 

You won't always know if you have an infection - sometimes you won't even feel sick. If you think you may have an infection or think you are at risk, visit your health care provider.

Infection with HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs and TB can complicate pregnancy and have serious consequences for a woman, her pregnancy outcomes, and her baby. Screening and treatment for these infections, and vaccination against viruses such as hepatitis B and human papillomavirus, can prevent many bad outcomes.

Hyperemesis Gravidarumexternal Icon

Many womens have some nausea or vomiting, or "morning sickness," especially during the first 3 months of pregnancy. The cause of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is thought to be a rapid rise of a hormone called HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin), which is released by the placenta. However, hyperemesis gravidarum occurs when there is severe, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy -- more extreme than "morning sickness." This can lead to weight loss and dehydration and may require intensive treatment.

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