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Pregnancy Problems In PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is common in womens of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have fewer or longer periods or have excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop multiple small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to release eggs regularly.

The exact cause of PCOS is not known. According to the early diagnosis and treatment along with weight loss can reduce the risk of long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Pregnancy And PCOS



PCOS disrupts the normal menstrual cycle and makes it difficult to get pregnant. Fertility problems occur in 70 to 80 percent of women with PCOS.

This condition can also increase the risk of pregnancy complications. Womens with PCOS are twice as likely to give birth to a premature baby. They are also at greater risk for miscarriage, high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.

However, women with PCOS can get pregnant using fertility treatments that improve the ovulation. Losing weight and lowering blood sugar levels can improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy.

Diet And Lifestyle Tips To Treat PCOS

Treatment for PCOS usually starts with changes of lifestyle like weight loss, diet, and exercise.

Losing just 5 to 10 percent of body weight can help regulate menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms. Weight loss can also happen:

  • Improve Cholesterol Levels
  • Lower Insulin
  • Reduce Heart Disease And Diabetes Risks

Any diet that helps you to lose weight can help your condition. However, some diets may have advantages over others.

Comparing diets for PCOS have found that low-carbohydrate diets are effective for both weight loss and lowering insulin levels.

A low glycemic index (low GI) diet that gets most carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables and whole grains helps regulate the menstrual cycle better than a regular weight-loss diet.

Some studies have found that 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at least 3 days a week can help women with PCOS lose weight. Losing weight with exercise also improves ovulation and insulin levels.

Exercise is even more beneficial when combined with a healthy diet. Diet plus exercise helps you lose more weight than either intervention alone, and it lowers your risks for diabetes and heart disease.

Exercises is even more beneficial when combined with a healthy diet. Diet and exercise helps to lose more weight than either intervention alone, and it lowers your risk for diabetes and heart disease.


Common Medical Treatments

Birth control pills and other medications can help regulate the menstrual cycle and treat PCOS symptoms like hair growth and acne.

Birth control pills and other medications can helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and treat PCOS symptoms such as hair growth and acne.

Birth Control

Taking progestin daily can:

  • Restore a normal hormone balance
  • Regulate ovulation
  • Relieve symptoms like excess hair growth
  • Protect against endometrial cancer
  • These hormones come in a pill, patch, or vaginal ring.

Surgery

Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if other treatments don’t work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.

Surgery may be an option to improve fertility if other treatments do not work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes small holes in the ovaries with a laser or a thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.

When To See A Doctor

See your doctor if:

  • You’ve missed periods, and you’re not pregnant.
  • You have symptoms of PCOS, such as hair growth on your face and body.
  • You’ve been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months but haven’t been successful.
  • You have symptoms of diabetes, such as excess thirst or hunger, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss.

If your periods are already irregular or absent and you’re trying to get pregnant, do not wait 12 months to see a specialist to be evaluated.

Also, keep in mind that irregular or absent periods are not birth control in themselves if you don't want to get pregnant.

It may still be possible to get pregnant even under these circumstances. In this case it is best to use contraception, even if you have PCOS.

If you have PCOS, plan to meet regularly with your primary care doctor. You will need regular tests to check for diabetes, high blood pressure, and other possible complications.

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