Sex During Pregnancy

It is completely safe to have sex during pregnancy unless your doctor or midwife has told you not to do so.

Having sex will not harm your baby. A penis or a penetrative sex toy can't enter outside your vagina, and your baby can't tell what's going on.

However, it's normal for your sex drive to change during pregnancy. This isn't something to worry about, but it's helpful to talk about it with your sexual partner.

You may have a lot of fun having sex during pregnancy, or just feel like you just don't want to. You can find other ways to love or be loved. The most important thing is to talk about your feelings with your partner.

If your pregnancy is normal and you have no complications, having sex and orgasms won't increase your risk of going into labour early or cause a miscarriage.

Later in pregnancy, an orgasm or even sex can set off mild contractions. If this happens, you will feel that the muscles in your womb have hardened. These are known as Braxton Hicks contractions and can be uncomfortable, but they are completely normal and there is no need for alarm. You can try some relaxation techniques or simply lie down until the contractions pass.

Sex During Pregnancy

What To Expect From Sex During Pregnancy?

Sex during pregnancy can feel different from what it felt like before you were pregnant.

When you're pregnant, hormones and extra blood flow to your genitals can make sex more enjoyable. But symptoms like breast pain and nausea, as well as your growing belly, can also make sex uncomfortable.

Also, it’s normal to have mild stomach cramps or contractions during or right after sex. These cramps might happen because the muscles in your uterus contract during orgasm. Cramps can also be triggered by hormones in a male partner’s semen.

If you have mild cramps during or after sex, you can ease your discomfort by taking a warm shower or bath or using a heat pack.

Is Sex Safe During Pregnancy?

If your pregnancy is going smoothly, then it’s safe to have sex and orgasm while you’re pregnant.

You may worry that sex will harm the baby. But your baby is well protected and sealed in the amniotic sac, so you can't hurt your baby

There are some situations where sex might be unsafe during pregnancy. These might be if you:

  • have shown signs of a possible miscarriage or preterm labour
  • have a history of cervical weakness
  • have been experiencing severe abdominal pain or cramps
  • have been diagnosed with placenta praevia
  • have vaginal bleeding, or the bleeding has stopped but the cause is unclear
  • think your waters have broken.

Sex During Pregnancy

Sex During Pregnancy: When To Be Worried

If you notice any of these symptoms after sex during pregnancy, call your doctor, midwife or go to the hospital right away:

  • severe stomach cramps or contractions that get stronger and more regular
  • bleeding
  • sharp stomach pain
  • dizziness, nausea or vomiting
  • fever or chills
  • vaginal discharge that looks or smells different.

When To Avoid Sex

A nurse or doctor may advise a woman to avoid intercourse during pregnancy if she experiences the following:

  • Problems with the cervix that can increase your chances of miscarriage or going into early labor
  • pregnancy with twins
  • placenta previa, where the placenta partially or entirely covers the entrance to the cervix
  • cervical incompetence, where the cervix opens prematurely
  • a history of going into premature labor
  • substantial blood loss or unexplained vaginal bleeding
  • leaking amniotic fluid
  • the waters have broken, which may increase the risk of infection

It is essential that a pregnant woman protect herself and her baby from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This means using barrier contraception, such as condoms or dental dams, during all sexual activity with new sexual partners.

Sex During Pregnancy

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