Thyroid Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

In today's life work is the top priority for everyone. Sedentary lifestyle and stressful work culture have increased the health problems. Due to hormones, the thyroid gland secretes and controls almost every function of the body. Busy lifestyle changes have put a lot of pressure on this butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck called thyroid. Thyroid disorders range from goiter to thyroid cancer and can affect anyone in many different ways. As per data provided by Health and Family Welfare Statistics in India 2013; One patient in every 2000 suffers from thyroid disease. Let's learn more about thyroid disease and its symptoms.

Thyroid Causes

Some of the causes for thyroid disorders are as follows:

Iodine Deficiency

Thyroid gland inflammation (due to a virus or bacteria)

Autoimmune diseases (in which your own immune system attacks your body)

Genetic disorders

Medical treatments like thyroid surgery, radiation therapy and few medicines also lead to thyroid problems.

Cancerous tumors on the thyroid

Non-cancerous lumps or nodules inside the thyroid

Types of Thyroid Disorders

There are six main conditions associated with the thyroid gland.

Hyperthyroidism? This condition occurs when the gland secretes more thyroid hormones than the body needs.

Hypothyroidism? This condition occurs when the gland releases low level of thyroid hormones.

Hashimoto’s disease? It is also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis.

Grave’s disease ? It is an autoimmune disorder.

Goiter? Involves non-cancerous enlargement of thyroid gland.

Thyroid nodules? Nodules develop on or in thyroid gland.

Symptoms of  Thyroid Disorders

The most common symptoms of thyroid disorders includes:


Poor concentration

Menstrual changes




Weight gain

Heat intolerance

High cholesterol levels.

With the help of regular preventive health check-ups, doctors can detect early symptoms or development of this disease.

Thyroid Disorders Prevention Tips

Avoid Processed Food:

A lot of chemicals can alter the thyroid hormones production. One needs to avoid any kind of processed food; they are on the edge of the thyroid disorder.

Avoid Soy:

Limit the soy intake as it alters the hormone production.

Stop Smoking:

The toxins released during smoking can make the thyroid gland over sensitive which can lead to thyroid disorder.

Reduce Stress:

Stress is one of the major contributors in many health disorder including thyroid disease.

Diet for patients with thyroid disorders:

Follow below thyroid diet to avoid or prevent thyroid problems:

What to Take:

Yogurt, seaweed, nuts, milk, chicken, fish, eggs, berries, cauliflower, and kale.

What to Reduce:

Soy and soy products.

What to Avoid:

Gluten, processed food, and fast food.

Thyroid disorder are easy to manage. With the little help of medication and some simple lifestyle changes, you can easily lead a normal life. Regular physical activity is very much  important to stay fit and healthy. Make sure to have a healthy diet and don't miss out on any medicine. In addition, regular preventive health check-ups can help in monitoring our body's nutrient levels and health status. Full body health checkup will give you the overall health status.

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