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What Is Endometriosis?

What is Endometriosis?

The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a person is pregnant. The uterus is lined with tissue (endometrium). Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue that is similar to the lining of the uterus grows in other places in your body. These patches of tissue are called "implants," "nodules," or "lesions." They are most often found:

The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a lady is pregnant. The uterus is lined with tissues (endometrium). Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue is similar to the lining of the uterus grows elsewhere in the body. These patches of tissue are called "implants," "nodules," or "lesions." They are mostly found in:

  • On or under the ovaries
  • On the fallopian tubes, which carry egg cells from the ovaries to the uterus
  • Behind the uterus
  • On the tissues that hold the uterus in place
  • On the bowels or bladder
  • In rare cases, the tissues may grow on your lungs or in other parts of your body.
What Is  Endometriosis?

What Causes Endometriosis?

The causes of endometriosis is unknown.

What Is At Risk For Endometriosis?

Endometriosis can affect anyone who is menstruating. Certain factors can increase or decrease your risk of getting it.

You Are At Higher Risk If:

  • You have a mother, sister, or daughter previously effected with endometriosis
  • Your period started before age 11
  • Your monthly cycles are short (less than 27 days)
  • Your menstrual cycles are heavy and last more than 7 days

You Have A Lower Risk If:

  • You have been pregnant before
  • Your periods started late in adolescence
  • You breastfeed your babies

What Are The Symptoms Of Endometriosis?

The main symptoms of endometriosis are:

  • Pelvic pain, which often happens during your period.
  • Infertility

Other Possible Symptoms Include:

  • Painful menstrual cramps, which may get worse time to time.
  • Pain during or after sex
  • Pain in the intestine or lower abdomen
  • Pain with bowel movements or urination, usually during your period
  • Heavy periods
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Digestive or gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Fatigue or lack of energy

How is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

Surgery is the only way to be sure that you have endometriosis. First, though, your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You will have a pelvic exam and may have some imaging tests.

The most common surgery to diagnose endometriosis is laparoscopy. This is a type of surgery that uses a laparoscope, camera, and a thin tube with light. The surgeon inserts the laparoscope through a small cut in the skin. Your doctor can make a diagnosis based on how the patches of endometriosis look. He may also do a biopsy to take a tissue sample.


Endometriosis

What Are The Treatments For Endometriosis?

There is no cure for endometriosis, but there are treatments for the symptoms. Doctor will work with pateints to decide which treatments would be best for the pateints.

Treatments For Endometriosis Pain Include:

Pain relievers, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen and a prescription medication specifically for endometriosis. Providers can sometimes prescribe opioids for severe pain.

Hormone therapy, including birth control pills, progestin therapy, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. GnRH agonists cause a temporary menopause, but also help control the growth of endometriosis.

Hormone therapy, including birth control pills, progestin therapy, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. GnRH agonists causes a temporary menopause, but also helps in control the development of endometriosis.

Surgical treatment for severe pain, including procedures to remove the endometriosis patch or to cut certain nerves in the pelvis. The surgery can be laparoscopy or major surgery.

Treatments For Infertility Due To Endometriosis Include:

  • Laparoscopy to remove the endometriosis patches
  • In vitro fertilization

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